Bouldering for Beginners



Bouldering a great way to get into rock climbing, and bouldering has grown in popularity recently.

It’s available to people of all ages and climbing abilities and can be done both indoors and outdoors, regardless of your experience. Bouldering walls are becoming common at gyms, making it simple to experience out this thrilling sport.

The best part: the community!

Climbers usually collaborate to solve problems and help each out, making the experience a very social and laid-back collaboration.

What Is Bouldering?

Bouldering is a type of rock climbing that involves climbing short routes or “boulder problems” without the use of ropes or harnesses. Instead, climbers rely on their strength, technique, and problem-solving skills to complete a short route – typically 20 feet or less.

It’s a thrilling and challenging way to build strength, endurance, and problem-solving skills while improving your physical fitness.

Equipment You’ll Need to Get Started

If you’re interested in bouldering, you’ll need a few essential pieces of equipment to get started. Here are the key items to consider:

  1. Climbing shoes: Specifically designed for rock climbing, climbing shoes are a must-have for bouldering. They provide traction on the holds and a snug fit for precise foot placement. When choosing shoes, it’s important to ensure they fit properly to avoid discomfort and to ensure your ability to climb.
  2. Chalk: Used to dry out your hands and improve grip on the holds, chalk comes in block or powder form and is kept in a chalk bag or chalk ball.
  3. Crash pads: In the event of a fall, crash pads provide a soft landing. Typically made of foam, they’re placed on the ground beneath the boulder problem to cushion any falls.
  4. Other useful equipment: Chalk brush for cleaning holds, a climbing brush for cleaning loose rock or dirt, and a hydration pack or water bottle to stay hydrated during your climb.

If you’re planning to climb outdoors, don’t forget to bring appropriate clothing and gear for the weather, a first aid kit, and a map or guidebook of the area.

Beginner Tips for Bouldering

Climbing requires a combination of strength, balance, and technique, and learning the proper techniques and movements is crucial to climbing efficiently and safely.

Basic Techniques

Bouldering requires a combination of strength, balance, and proper technique. Some basic movements that are essential to bouldering include:

  • Stem: a technique where the climber pushes against opposite walls with their feet and back.
  • Layback: a technique where the climber pulls on a hold with one hand and pushes with the other.
  • Mantel: a technique used to pull oneself onto a flat surface.
  • Dyno: is a dynamic move where the climber jumps for a hold.

Types of Holds

Bouldering routes are made up of different types of holds, including jugs, slopers, edges, and crimps.

  • Jugs: large, easy-to-hold holds.
  • Slopers: smooth, rounded holds that require a lot of grip strength.
  • Pinches: small holds that require pinching between thumb and figers.
  • Crimps: small, sharp holds that require a lot of finger strength.

How to Start Training

It’s important to start with the basics and gradually work your way up. You can start training for bouldering by building strength, endurance, and technique through a combination of climbing sessions and targeted workouts.

Building Strength

Bouldering requires a combination of upper body, lower body, and core strength. To build strength, you can do exercises such as pull-ups, push-ups, squats, and planks.

You can also do some exercises specific to bouldering, like campus board, hangboard, and fingerboard. These will help you improve finger and grip strength.

As with any training program, creating a plan and tracking your progress will get you the best results.

Improving Technique

In addition to building strength, it is important to practice and improve technique to become a more efficient and effective climber. This can be done by studying boulder problems, practicing different techniques, and seeking guidance from experienced climbers.

Mental Preparation

Bouldering can be a challenging and mentally taxing sport. Mental preparation can include visualization, goal setting, and learning to manage fear and anxiety. Meditation, yoga, and other stress-relief techniques can also help you stay focused and calm while climbing.

Training for bouldering is a continuous process, and it requires a balance between physical and mental preparation. As you progress in the sport, you’ll learn to adapt your training plan to your specific needs and goals. It is also important to listen to your body and to rest when necessary to avoid injury and to maintain a healthy balance between training and recovery.

Bouldering Safety for Beginners

Ensuring safety is crucial in bouldering to prevent injuries and maximize the enjoyment of the sport. Here are some important safety measures to follow:

  • Proper spotting techniques: When spotting a climber, it is essential to understand how to provide guidance and support while ensuring a safe landing. Knowing the right techniques can reduce the risk of injury.
  • Risk management: Being aware of the fall potential and landing zone of a boulder problem, staying alert of the surroundings, and climbing with a partner are key to minimizing risks.
  • Importance of a bouldering partner: Climbing with a partner not only adds to the fun but also provides an extra level of safety, as they can spot and guide you, and offer assistance with problem-solving. It is also important to adhere to the rules and regulations of the climbing area, whether indoor or outdoor, and to get help from experienced climbers or take a beginner’s class to learn the basics of the sport and safety measures.

Finding Bouldering Spots

Climbing gyms are the best place to start bouldering. You can also climb outdoor on natural rock formations or city walls, but for beginners, a climbing gym would be the best place to learn and build community.

Outdoor vs. Indoor Options

Bouldering can be done both indoors and outdoors. Indoor bouldering gyms provide a controlled environment and offer a variety of routes for climbers of all skill levels. Outdoor bouldering, on the other hand, offers a more natural setting and the opportunity to climb on real rock.

Locating and Accessing Popular Bouldering Spots

When looking for outdoor bouldering spots, it’s important to do your research and to learn about the different areas that are available. This can be done by consulting guidebooks, joining a climbing club, or talking to other climbers. It’s also important to check for any access issues or regulations that may be in place at a particular area.

Respect for the Environment and Local Regulations

It’s important to respect the environment and to follow local regulations when climbing outdoors. This includes practicing Leave No Trace principles, staying on established trails, and not climbing on protected or sensitive areas. It’s also important to be aware of the local wildlife and to take necessary precautions to avoid disturbing it.

Finding the right bouldering spot can be a fun and exciting part of the sport, but it’s important to do it responsibly and with respect for the environment and local regulations. As you progress in the sport, you will learn to find and access more challenging and exciting bouldering spots.


Electronics technician, mountaineer and climber, dedicated to sports training and climbing fanatic with more than 15 years of experience., One of the creators of ROAC Climbing Holds (RXCLIMBINGHOLDS). Dedicated to creating high resistance and ergonomic holds as well as designing electronic training programs for climbing.

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